Apart from the pleasures and challenges posed by rod and line, the angler based in Betws-y-Coed is given the opportunity for relaxation and observation within valley, woodland and moorland settings of rich variety and considerable beauty.

Salmon have bred in the Conwy, Lledr and Llugwy rivers for centuries, but spring running fish were not introduced until 1920, when Mr Connell Smith of Gwydyr Hotel obtained eggs from Thurso in Scotland and introduced them to a hatchery he built on the Afon Lledr. A decade later these fish and their progeny were returning to the river in April and May.

The locality's claim to angling fame is in having not only good runs of salmon but also excellent runs of sea trout (sewin); this implies that if river levels are too low or the weather too bright for successful salmon or sewin fishing during the day, there are, at least, reasonable prospects for sewin fishing at night.
In the olden days netting was undertaken on the rivers, and coracles were used on the Conwy and on pools in the Lledr and Llugwy rivers, and on a few of the local lakes. There was a salmon trap below Ty'n-y-berth and another a little way above the Black Pool. Both were removed between 1856 and 1866. An unconfirmed, near-record catch with rod and line of an Atlantic salmon was made in 1892. The fish weighed 461bs and was caught on the Conwy river a ½ mile or so north of Betws y Coed.
Shore fishing at Llanfairfechan, Penmaenmawr,Conwy and Deganwy. Sea fishing trips organised by boatmen at Conwy - contact Harbour Master's Office on (01492) 596253 for details.